Profile of BIO
The history of Beijing Institute of Otolaryngology (BIO) can be dated back to 1953 when Beijing Hospital of Otolaryngology, China’s first institute of its kind, was founded.
BIO was founded in the early years of the new China when social medical service and sanitation conditions were extremely poor. Under the leadership of BIO’s early directors Liu Ruihua, Xu Yinxiang and Liu Chan, pioneering researches on otolaryngology were carried out for four decades. This earned BIO’s leading position in many academic and clinical fields. The research by Liu Ruihua in Otology, Xu Yinxiang in tracheoesophageal researches, Qin Tingquan in inner ear histology and pathology, Liu Qian in clinical audiology, Liu Chan in inner ear disease and Deng Yuancheng in early intervention to hearing-impaired children with hearing aids etc. had gained high academic reputation at home and abroad. This period also witnessed BIO’s production of a number of rare anatomical specimens and China’s first anatomical illustrations on Otolaryngology. Furthermore, BIO was the first to carry out research on inner ear pathological sections throughout the whole fetation period, and hearing and language rehabilitation of deaf-mute children in China. It also published an English-Chinese dictionary on Otolaryngology, developed earplugs against noise, China’s Industrial Noise Norm, and established special clinic for hearing impairment and vertigo. All these achievements have been vital in establishing BIO’s leading academic position and influence in China.
From the early 1990s, Han Demin, BIO’s fourth director led BIO into a further era of development. In order to improve the management and cure of common severe ENT conditions, clinical Otolaryngology needed to be better integrated with academic research. BIO, teaming up with the ENT & Head and Neck Surgery Department of Beijing Tongren Hospital affiliated with Capital Medical University, established Beijing ENT & Head and Neck Surgery Research Center in 2002,to focus on the research and clinical management of severe ENT & Head and Neck diseases. This also paved the way for integrating clinical departments with research institutes. This new center was able to conduct comprehensive scientific research through a combined team and achieved great research results in many fields.
After a decade of rapid development, Beijing ENT & Head and Neck Surgery Research Center has been accredited as a National Key Discipline Lab in 2002 and Key Lab of Ministry of Education in 2007. National Life Science and Technology Talent Base was founded in 2003, having fostered a number of high-level talents in the discipline. Throughout the latest decade, the Center won three 2nd prizes of National Sci-tech Award and undertook 68 state-level and 111 provincial sci-tech programs.
The talent of the team grew to include chair professor of Cheung Kong Scholar Program of Ministry of Education, National Distinguished Youth Scholar, 15 professors, 14 associate professors, 9 supervisors for doctoral students and 16 supervisors for postgraduate students. Over the years, a total of 103 doctoral students, 242 postgraduate students and 20 postdoctoral researchers received training in BIO. BIO also carried out project cooperation and talent training programs with world first-class universities and institutions in the US and Europe, improving its rapid development and talent reserve in many research fields.
Profile of directors
Directors and their duty period
Liu Ruihua (1891-1963), graduated from Tianjin Beiyang Medical School in 1915 and joined Shanghai Harvard Medical College the same year. He was China’s first otolaryngologist and obtained his doctorate in the US. He was the one who performed China’s earliest mastoid operation in 1920 and surgical removal of foreign bodies from trachea and esophagus under bronchoscope in 1928. He also contributed in the cultivation of otolaryngological professionals thereafter.
He was elected as the honorary chairman of Chinese Society of Otorhinolaryngology (ENT) of Chinese Medical Association upon its establishment in 1952, He was the first editor-in-chief of Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery in 1953. He was the director of the Research Office of Beijing Hospital of Otolaryngology which was later developed into Beijing Institute of Otolaryngology. He was the first director of Beijing Institute of Otolaryngology, in charge from 1958 to 1963.